Problems of good, balanced nutrition in the etiopathogenesis of locomotorium diseases

The problem of nutrition has always been and remains a problem of dietitions and patients themselves. Basic diseases and comorbidities dictate a patient the limit of certain products. Physicians don’t perceive trendy diets and nutritional preferences of patients as factors precipitating or complicating the diseases of the locomotorium. Lots of food preferences of parents affect the health of their children. Thus, according to British doctors from Southampton, the number of children with congenital diseases of the locomotorium increased. In particular, hip dysplasia in infants, as well as an increased incidence of rahitis on 20%. People do not take seriously the danger of diets and dietary restrictions of mothers-to-be, pregnant women, children and adolescents. Mental component of diets and dietary restrictions is not taken into account also. So diets or exclusion from the food allowance this or that product causes depression, sleep disorders, myasthenia, dystrophy, which in turn leads to diseases of the locomotorium and chronic pain syndrome. Moreover, it aggravates the disease, affecting all parts of etiopathogenesis, completing the vicious circle of mental and somatic connections. Food motivation becomes perverted and changes from dominant of pleasure to pathological one. Chronic malnutrition and exclusion of products causes scrutiny blow to the psyche. Psyche, subconscious mind does not accept the conditions of existence an organism in starvation stress when food is available and there are means to get it. Even the idea of depriving the body of food, stimulates the brain to accumulate the necessary reserve of trace elements, and as a result to weight gain.

The absence in the diet such products as meat, butter, fish, eggs, milk, cottage cheese, sour cream, bread, leads to serious pathological changes in mentality and somatics. Serious diseases appears, chronization of pathological process accelerates. And the reception of low-fat products does not solve the health problems of the patient and especially the quality of life.

Exclusion of protein, fat, carbohydrates from the food allowance leads to dystrophic changes in the osteomuscular system. Growth of the osteomuscular system and the maturation of the internal organs slows in children. Non-cholesterol diet is fraught with disaster for not strong child's body: mental retardation, susceptibility to allergies, lowered immunity. Low amounts of protein does not hold water in the vascular bed, and it rushes into the tissues, causing swelling, increases the weight and of the patient. The number of interneuronal connections reduces, the formation of new synaptic connections stops. Myelination of axons reduces, in some cases there is a complete demyelination. The axons, which are distributed nerve impulses from one neuron to another, are isolated as any electrical wires. Insulation - a sheath around the axon - consists of myelin (it is a lipoprotein with zero conductivity). In myelinated axon nerve impulse is several times faster than in "naked." From all these it is clear that the brain pathways can perform its role only if there is a desired degree of myelination. The muscular system first responds to the lack of a particular product, degenerative changes occur, contractile function of muscles and innervation get disturbed, leading to myalgia, paraparesis and paresis. Gravitational interactions changes, the load on the joints and osteosystem increases from changing posture to scoliosis, osteoporosis and pathological bone fractures. Joints are experiencing unusual for them load leading to arthrosis and immobilization. Changes occur on the mental level. There is a deep intrapersonal conflict, masked depressive disorders and anorexia. That in turn leads to misunderstanding and lack of unawareness and malnutrition. The number of pathological processes can be described indefinitely. It should be understood that to make the patient eat properly in a state of disturbed eating motivation is a heavy psychotherapeutic treatment.

The study was conducted on the base of M.TS.V.M. "Altera". 62 patients was treated, aged from 78 to 7 years old. The average age was 61.6 years old. The mean duration of disease was 16.5 years. 24 patients had the diagnosis of chronic dorsalgia, 53% of them excluded from the diet fats and animal proteins, 28% of patients had animal fats and proteins in the diet once in thirty days, 9% - once every three or four days. 17 patients had the diagnosis of scoliosis, the first or the second degree, chronic myasthenia, myalgia, 73% of them have not taken animal fats and proteins for about 12-16 years, 14% of patients limited reception of carbohydrates and eat animal fats and proteins once every ten days, 13% patients received low-fat products and vegetable proteins only. 13 patients had the diagnosis of chronic radiculopathy, protrusion of intervertebral disc L1-L2, 87% of them have not taken proteins and fats within 15-20 years, the remaining 13% have not taken animal proteins and fats, and limited reception of carbohydrates. 8 children had the diagnosis of impaired posture, delayed psychomotor development. Parents excluded or restricted from the diet animal protein, fat and carbohydrate intake.

Diagnostic tests were conducted to all the patients before treatment: radiography, instrumental methods of investigation, counseling therapist and dietition. A balanced diet of proteins, fats and carbohydrates was assigned. Comprehensive therapy was conducted including manual therapy, reflexology and psychotherapy, music therapy. 12% of patients refused of reception animal proteins and fats, and they had the high-calorie diet, balanced by vegetable fats and proteins. 68% of patients received varied and balanced diet, undergone treatment with a significant improvement, 30% of patients was recommended a second course of treatment and increase in calorie diet.

Exclusion or lack of protein, fat and carbohydrates in the diet causes severe dystrophic changes, and combined multifactorial disease, leading the patient to mental disorders and severe vertebral pathology. The treatment must begin by making a diet balanced for fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Thus taking into account that they already have anorexia.

List of reference:
1.N.N.Danilova, A.L. Krylova «Physiology of higher nervous system» Rostov-on-Don. 2002.
2. G.V. Morozov «Manual on psychiatry» Moscow.1988.
3.G.A. Suhanova, V.U. Serebrov «Biochemistry of cell» Тomsk.2000.
4.E.D. Homskaya «Readings in neuropsychology» Moscow.2004.

Moscow, Russia 2015